The Next Hedge Fund Scandal

What is the latest free money for Wall Street Hedge Funds? SPAC Arbitrage, which is an investment strategy that seeks to acquire shares or units of a special purpose acquisition company (“SPAC”) at or below its net asset value (“NAV”) in order to generate a return through either:

Down here to have a good time they  after all how different can it be from the  all the luck in the world isn’t going to  change things for these guys there’s an   on a poker game and you don’t see a sucker   get up from the table you are the sucker this  rule applies quite often in the world of finance   too now if there’s

An investment structure where  three types of investor are involved and two of   them have access to a risk-free profit opportunity  it’s possibly reasonable to think that the third   is the source of their profits so what is this  structure and who are the winners and who are the   losers well the structure is of course the

Hottest  investment product of the last 12 months the spec   and i’m hoping that you the viewer are not the  sucker at this poker table spike promoters are so   busy banging out new products right now that they  don’t even bother to come up with names for them   anymore earlier this month a spack named two was  announced

It’s spelled with a lowercase t the goal   is to raise 200 million dollars and take a company  public the name’s hardly creative but i suppose   it’s easier to remember than x a e a dash 12 but  i’m getting off topic so what are spacks well i   covered this in more detail in an earlier video  and i’ll include a link to that but

Spike stands   for special purpose acquisition company and spikes  basically raise cash through an ipo they then   invest that cash in risk-free bonds and have up to  two years to search for a private company to buy   buying the company has the effect of taking that  company public when a spec proposes a merger spec  

Shareholders have an option to redeem their shares  rather than participate in the merger if they do   this they get back their full investment plus some  interest if a spike fails to complete a merger in   the two-year period it sells off the bonds and  returns the capital to its shareholders with   interest so why is this a

Scandal in the making  well it reminds me an awful lot of the mutual fund   timing scandal from 2003 and interestingly enough  some of the same people are even involved today   the way these deals are structured means that  the spax sponsor and some hedge fund investors   who are being pitched these deals as a poor  man’s

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Private equity investment let’s think   about it if the sponsor and some hedge funds are  making risk-free profits in this structure who is   shielding them from the risk and taking the losses  maybe you don’t want poor man’s private equity   the biggest winner in this structure is of course  the spac promoter or sponsor they

Organize this   and then take 20 percent of the shares as a fee   which they called the promote they often put in as  little as 25 000 of their own money now of course   they could put in more but why would they want to  it’s a no-lose deal for sponsors the incentive is   to do any deal it doesn’t matter if it’s a good 

Deal or not but once it’s done they get to own   end up with one-fifth of a company like nicola   you just sell it right away and move on the only  reason the sponsor cares at all about doing a good   deal is that if the deal looks like a success they  then get to raise more capital and do it again   most prolific spac founders

With six listed   vehicles and three deals done so far he’s filed  to launch seven more spacs this year with the sec   some of the biggest hedge funds have piled into  this trade too big names in the space include   millennium management baupost group archegos and  magnetar capital according to the financial times  

These funds can earn high returns with almost  no risk of losses if the deal goes wrong   does it work well the trick to spec arbitrage   is to get in early early investors who are usually  hedge funds and not the retail investors who get   ten dollars a piece prior to it being listed   at this point it’s pretty safe as the

Money you  put in is invested in bonds and as long as you get   out before the merger the money is still there  once the merger happens the sponsor then takes   want out before that happens unit holders   interest at any point up until the merger occurs   typically for each share you get a warrant which  is a bit like a

Call option but it causes equity   dilution and it allows you to buy a quarter of  a share at 11.50 usually the early investors can   split the spike units into shares and warrants  shortly after the structure starts trading   if they return the shares prior to the merger  they get their ten dollars back and crucially  

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They get to keep these warrants the warrant which  is worth only a fraction of a share is a sweetener   for early backers who can redeem their investment  or sell out at any point while keeping hold of the   warrant when the spec has merged with a target the  warrants convert to relatively inexpensive stakes   in the new company

At a strike price of 11.50 this  gives early backers the ability to profit from   a hot spark merger even if they redeemed their  original investment well in advance of the deal   now this might not sound like much of a return but  because the pre-merger spike can be redeemed for   ten dollars and costs ten dollars hedge funds

Can  usually borrow money and lever up this investment   significantly getting a pretty good return out of  it it’s a low risk investment with equity upside   has been announced preferring to sell their   study conducted by klausner and all rogue   where they analyzed a group of 47 spikes that  merged between january 2019

And june 2020 97   before a deal was consummated it’s this separation   that creates the trade opportunity meanwhile those  who stay in for a stake in the merged company   bear the risks of both a potentially bad deal   and significant dilution from the free warrants  that have been handed out to early backers  

There are a few ways hedge funds can win in these  deals should the sponsor announce a deal that the   market likes the shares might rally above ten  dollars and the hedge fund can then simply just   sell them in the market for a profit their initial  ten dollars having never really been at risk   they have a potential for

Profit but not much of  a risk of loss if the share price doesn’t pop they   can just cash in their shares before the merger  get the ten dollars back plus interest and hold   a success the warrants earn them a profit   a good recent example is churchill capital four  once again catchy name when rumors spread the  

Cciv was close to striking a deal with electric  car maker lucid motors which i think is just   to almost 60 dollars shareholders who bought   could exit with a 600 return on investment   when the deal was finally confirmed last month  cciv fell by more than half to 26 dollars   electric car hype paid a huge premium for

A   dollars now why would a sponsor give such   intention of ever being there for the merger   well as i mentioned earlier the sponsor gets 20 of  the shares let’s imagine that there’s a spec that   has 100 shares 80 shares are sold to the public  and 20 shares go to the sponsor if half of the   spike’s 80 public

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Shares are redeemed before the  ipo the sponsor’s 20 share promote will equal 50   so the sponsor wins the hedge fund wins   would point out two out of three ain’t bad   the academic study that i mentioned earlier which  i’ve linked to in the description shows that   spac shares tend to drop by one-third of their  value

Or more within a year following the merger   this suggests that investors who stay invested in  spax on average take a financial hit although spax   issue shares for roughly ten dollars and value  their shares at ten dollars when the merger occurs   per share according to that study so a spec  typically sells shares to one set of

Investors   set of investors when it comes time to merge   a more retail investor base nearly all pre-merger  shareholders exit at the time of the merger either   by redeeming their shares or by selling them on  in the market in effect a spac pays ipo investors   so that other investors can later buy shares   once a

Target has been selected to bring public  just to be clear i’m not saying that the hedge   funds are the villains in this story they’ve been  offered a low risk trade and they’ve taken it the   spike sponsors on the other hand are pitching a  structure that destroys value for retail investors   but makes the sponsors and hedge fund

Investors  rich more and more these deals are being rushed   to market right now before the boom ends you don’t  actually have to be a hedge fund to do this trade   anyone can but as a retail investor you might not  be able to lever it up as much as a hedge fund   can of course the problem here is that if everyone  involved

Did the same thing and followed the   be invested in bonds and then when a deal was   announced everyone would pull out ending the deal  making the warrants worthless for this arbitrage   to work there must be a sucker at the poker table  if you found this video helpful do hit the like   button and subscribe if you want to see more of 

Transcribed from video
The Next Hedge Fund Scandal By Patrick BoyleliveBroadcastDetails{isLiveNowfalsestartTimestamp2021-03-16T215318+0000endTimestamp2021-03-16T220701+0000}

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